Flap surgery is a type of gum procedure which can be described as the separation of the gum from bone to expose and clean underlying tooth structures. The gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily. The dentist then reaches for the root of the tooth and the bone. It is recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontal diseases.
In flap surgery, local anesthesia is given prior to the small incisions made in the area to numb the gum so that it can be lifted back to expose the tooth root and bone. This gives the periodontist. Direct access to the roots and bone supporting the teeth. The entire area is carefully cleaned and all tartar and inflamed tissue are removed from the tooth root. This is called scaling and root planing. Because periodontal disease causes bone loss, the bone will need to be re-contoured or grafted for the gum to heal correctly.
Once the procedure is completed, gum will be stitched back in place against the teeth. It is very important to keep up good oral hygiene and follow the dentist’s instructions while the surgical site is healing. Your periodontist will make sure that you are instructed to maintain good oral hygiene. Your periodontist also will evaluate your health and medical history before deciding on the procedure.