A dental restoration is a filling technique in which a restorative material is used to restore the function, integrity and morphology of the decayed tooth.Teeth Restoration involves two basic steps
- Preparing the tooth for insertion of restorative material and
- Placement of restorative material.
The preparation process usually involves cutting the tooth with special dental burs to make space for the planned restoration and to remove any dental decay or portions of the tooth that are structurally unsound. This procedure of preparing the tooth for the placement of restorative materials is generally called tooth preparation.Various factors like the type and extend of the preparation, and the restorative materials to be used are considered prior to preparing a tooth. The extent of preparation is determined on the basis of extend and depth of the decay.The different types of dental restoration materials used are:-Dental or Resin composite, Reinforced or light activated glass ionomer cements.
Tooth Coloured Restorations
Composite fillings are not only used to restore decayed areas but are also used for cosmetic and smile improvement. Tooth coloured restoration- After the decay has been removed from tooth, it is replaced with “filling” material. In the past, amalgam (silver) fillings were placed into the cleaned out portion of the tooth. With advancements in dentistry, you can now have tooth-colored fillings instead of silver fillings. You may even elect to remove your old silver fillings in favor of new, undetectable tooth-colored fillings.
Inlays/Onlays-Sometimes repairing a decayed tooth may require more than just a filling. Often a part of the tooth has to be removed. The removed portion is replaced with a porcelain onlay or inlay. Traditionally, onlays and inlays were made of metal, much like fillings. Now, they are made of porcelain and are virtually indistinguishable from natural teeth and provide relief from chewing and cavity pain and tooth degeneration.
Good oral hygiene helps you keep your teeth healthy for a lifetime. Scaling is one such procedure that keeps your gums healthy and firm. In this procedure, infected deposits like plaque, calculus and stains are removed from the tooth surfaces. Such deposits, if not removed by scaling, can cause infection and loosening of the gums, ultimately leading to tooth loss. Scaling is simple, safe and a routine procedure. It does not damage the tooth surface in any way. It is advised to get a dental scaling done once every six months.